A concussion is a common type of brain injury that involves temporary loss of brain function. Concussions can occur from any injury to the head. The injury may be minor (a small bump) or something more significant like a baseball strike to the head. Many people who experience a concussion do not lose consciousness, or lose consciousness only briefly.
Signs of a concussion:
- Memory loss or difficulty thinking clearly
- Mental fog
- Blurry vision
- Nausea or vomiting
- Sensitivity to light
- Problems with balance
- Mood swings
- Changes in sleeping or eating habits
What to do if you suspect someone has a concussion:
- If someone is hit in the head and suddenly loses consciousness, call 9-1-1.
- Otherwise, advise the person to stop the activity he was engaged in when the incident occurred and encourage him to see a healthcare provider to evaluate the severity of the injury and to determine whether additional testing is needed.
- When in doubt, call 9-1-1.
Do I need to keep the person awake?
- The American Red Cross says that “it is generally safe for a person with a concussion to go to sleep. However, the person’s healthcare provider may recommend that you wake the person periodically to make sure that his condition has not worsened.”
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